Bulletin of the Texas Archeological Society The size of the sample from Feature 1 was 4. Feature 1 did produce seeds from one food plant and one medicinal plant, however. Evidence of their occupation can be seen through artifacts left behind at the Smith Rockshelter 41TV Such goods were restricted to the use in life and at death of the Caddo social elite living at these mound centers, as they a signified and enabled access to supernatural powers and ritual knowledge by the wearer of the gorget, b legitimized political power in communities both local and regional through the acquiring and display of symbolic materials with high value social currency, and c sanctified claims to ancestral Caddo origins, landscapes, and landmarks cf. Website technology has advanced exponentially since the founding of TBH in , when Steve and I, along with student website developer Meg Kemp, unveiled the website and the first 20 site exhibits. An American native, pricklypoppy is now widespread in warm regions worldwide, and its seeds, leaves, and roots have been used by many people to treat ailments from toothaches and eye problems to cancer Cheatham et al.

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How might they have sought healing and comfort? University of Texas personnel led by Dr. Last fall, an archeologist working at TARL recognized a rare opportunity to look for plant remains from a site that had been excavated nearly 80 years ago. Site locations lez Brewster and Val Verde Co.

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Review of Nutritive Value and Biological Properties. This is particularly important because TBH is heavily used in university archeology classes as well as in 4th and 7th-grade classrooms. We know that snails are moisture-seeking organisms, and we know that they are most abundant and diverse in the wettest parts of Texas, but how well do they function as paleoenvironmental proxies in the driest parts of the state?

Plain and engraved gorgets are rare occurrences on ancestral Caddo sites in the southern Caddo area, as they have been found in burial features at only 13 sites in Southwest Arkansas, Northwest Louisiana, southeastern Oklahoma, and East Texas Table 1. References Cited Cheatum, E. Almost bn2666b of the sites were investigated by archaeologists from the University of Texas UT in the early s, led by A.


We are grateful for the time and dedicated efforts of the LAITS staff and student technical assistants. He originally planned to use two charcoal samples from Rob Roy for radiocarbon datingbut he quickly realized that the soil collected along with the wood charcoal could contain small seeds or bulbs from foods and other useful plants.

No evidence of bulbs or tubers that are commonly cooked in earth ovens or evidence of any material used to wrap foods during cooking was found in either sample.

In petrographic work performed on a sherd of Leon Plain for Texas Parks and Wildlife Department under the supervision of Aina Dodge, the author identified the mineral olivine. The ceramic vessel assemblages from Titus phase sites in East Texas have been the subject of considerable scrutiny by Texas archaeologists since the s, beginning with the development of the typology of Caddo ceramics by Dee Ann Suhm, Alex D. If proper sampling is done, enough specimens can often be recovered to allow some rudimentary quantitative methods to be applied.

As to what was cooked in the earth ovens, the lack of bulbs, tubers, or packing material suggests either that the people at Rob Roy were such very careful cooks that no plant foods or packing material were accidentally charred or that the earth ovens were used to cook something other than plant foods.

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In the wake of the Great Depression and much needed employment, the program offered jobs on public works projects including archaeological survey and excavation throughout the country.

WPA-era excavators working on large mound centers like the George C. Viewers who use Apple products, particularly iPads and Mac books, may have been encountering blank pages where our traditional TBH interactive maps and Kids Only revolving carousel should be.


Journal of Anthropological Archaeology Pages in Vance T. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

The probable food plant remains consisted of three seeds and one seed fragment of goosefoot Chenopodium spp. Nested geologic sieves used for sampling snails.

Perttula served asthe ceramic consultant to the project. Shell fragments are also saved and weighed, because recovering fragments is the only way to estimate how many fragments have been lost b266b breakage.

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Indeed, I would speculate that there may be some calcium-poor areas in East Texas where even living populations are absent today. A Handbook of Procedures. In the entire vast area of the Big Bend more than 12, square miles, not counting parts of Culberson, Hudspeth, and Reeves countiesno formal archeomalacological studies have been done until recently, as far as I know.

Journal bn66b Food Science and Technology 52 7: Instead of the interactive Texas sites map, TBH will soon have a colorful and streamlined portal for accessing all of the website sections. Evidence of their occupation can be seen through artifacts left behind at the Smith Rockshelter 41TV A Pedernales point from the 41TV42 collection at Pex, one of the artifacts that may be replicated so park employees can use it as they give tours and educate park visitors.

While change can be difficult if not agonizingwe at TBH are determined to embrace the opportunity to usher this much loved and critically acclaimed public education website into the modern era. Goosefoot, quinoa, and other chenopodium species are members of the spinach family, known for nutritious, iron-rich greens.